Abu Dhabi is the capital of the United Arab Emirates and the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, located on the northeastern part of the Persian Gulf in the Arabian Peninsula. Most of Abu Dhabi is on the island, but it has many suburbs on the mainland. Abu Dhabi is the second most expensive city in the region after Dubai. It is the center of political and industrial activities, but it is also a major cultural and commercial centre with Abu Dhabi International Airport. The native-born population are Arabic-speaking Arabs and the Al Nahyan family rules the emirate and holds the central place in the society today.
This is the city with hot desert climate and extremely high temperatures during June, July, August and September, and its sandstorms sometimes reduce the visibility to only a few meters. On average, January is the coolest, while August is the hottest month in the year. The city has medium height buildings as well as the skyscrapers such as the notable Etihad Towers, Abu Dhabi Investment Authority Tower, the Central Market Residential Tower, the National Bank of Abu Dhabi headquarters, the Baynunah (Hilton Hotel ) Tower, ecc. Public transport systems include the public buses, taxis, ferries, and airplanes. According to the plans, the metro and tramways will have been built by 2030. There is more than 2,000 parks and gardens (The Lake Park, Heritage Park), about 400 kilometers of coastline and 10 kilometers of public beaches. Abu Dhabi has become a popular destination for many Hollywood and other national film productions in recent years.
The city has great offer of universities including government-sponsored United Arab Emirates University in Al-Ain, New York University, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, New York Institute of Technology, Higher Colleges of Technology, New York Film Academy, Paris-Sorbonne University Abu Dhabi and Abu Dhabi University in Abu Dhabi. There are numerous archaeological findings and a number of cultural institutions including the Cultural Foundation and the National Theater.